How to Learn Korean Hangul in Less Than 20 minutes | OptiLingo (2022)

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Master the Korean Writing System Try the App Today! History of the Korean Alphabet Korean Consonants ใ„ฑ (Giyok ๊ธฐ์—ญ): ใ„ด (Nieun ๋‹ˆ์€): ใ„ท (Digeut ๋””๊ทฟ): ใ„น (Rieul ๋ฆฌ์„ ): ใ… (Mieum ๋ฏธ์Œ): ใ…‚(Bieup ๋น„์): ใ…… (Siot ์‹œ์˜ท): ใ…‡ (Ieung ์ด์‘): ใ…ˆ (Jieut ์ง€์’): ใ…Š (Chieut ์น˜์“): ใ…‹ (Kieuk ํ‚ค์”): ใ…Œ (Tieut ํ‹ฐ์•): ใ… (Pieup ํ”ผ์–): ใ…Ž (Hieut ํžˆ์•): Korean Double Consonants ใ„ฒ (Ssang Giyok ์Œ๊ธฐ์—ญ): ใ„ธ (Ssang Digeut ์Œ๋””๊ทฟ): ใ…ƒ (Ssang Bieup ์Œ๋น„์): ใ…† (Ssang Siot ์Œ์‹œ์˜ท): ใ…‰ (Ssang Jieut ์Œ์ง€์’): Korean Vowels ์•„ โ€“ a ์–ด โ€“ eo ์˜ค โ€“ o ์šฐ โ€“ u ์œผ โ€“ eu ์ด โ€“ i ใ… โ€“ ae ใ…” โ€“ e ์•ผ โ€“ ya ์—ฌ โ€“ yeo ์š” โ€“ yo ์œ  โ€“ yu ใ…– โ€“ yae ใ…– โ€“ ye ใ…โ€“ wa ใ…™ โ€“ wae ใ… โ€“ wo ใ…ž โ€“ we ใ…š โ€“oe ใ…Ÿ โ€“ wi ใ…ข โ€“ ui Learn How to Write in Hangul (The Korean Writing System) Combining Hangul Letters Consonant + Vowel Ka Sa Mo Ri Consonant + Vowel + Consonant Tal Neun Ram Mot Hangul Syllables Starting with Vowels a yo eum yeok Hangul Syllables with 4 Letters Learn Hangul Quickly Why You Should Avoid Korean Romanization Learning Hangul Is Your First Step FAQs Videos

Master the Korean Writing System

Korean is a beautiful language, but its writing system is shockingly different from English. Instead of Latin letters, Korean uses its own alphabet called Hangul. However impossible it may seem at first, you can actually learn the Hangul alphabet quickly.

Hangul is considered to be one of the most logical writing systems in the world. It accurately matches the sounds of the Korean language. Consonants represent the shape of the mouth as youโ€™re pronouncing it. And vowels are horizontal or vertical lines. Although it may seem intimidating, learning the Korean alphabet is not a complicated process. Itโ€™s the first step every learner needs to take to master the language (or any language).

How to Learn Korean Hangul in Less Than 20 minutes | OptiLingo (1)

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History of the Korean Alphabet

Before the invention of Hangul, there was no form of Korean writing. Using Chinese characters mixed with Korean sounds was the only way for people to write. However, that was very a complicated process. And only the wealthy few could learn how to do it. This meant that most Koreans were illiterate.

King Sejong, who ruled Korea at the time, wanted to unify the language and make writing accessible to all. In 1446 he created a writing system that matched the sounds of Korean. And thus Hangul was born. The word Hangul means โ€œgreat scriptโ€ or โ€œKorean scriptโ€. This writing system is used in both North and South Korea, but its name in North Korea is chosongul.

There are 24 letters in the Hangul alphabet: 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Unlike English, where you write from left to write, in Korean, you stack the letters to create syllables. Each square block creates each syllable. And when you put several of these small blocks of sounds together, you create the words.

How to Learn Korean Hangul in Less Than 20 minutes | OptiLingo (2)

Korean Consonants

Here are the names of Hangul Consonants and how to pronounce them:

ใ„ฑ (Giyok ๊ธฐ์—ญ):

  • Start of word: k like in kilo
  • Start of a syllable: g like in golf
  • End of a word: k like in walk

ใ„ด (Nieun ๋‹ˆ์€):

  • Start of a word: n like in nest
  • Start of a syllable: n like in nest
  • End of a word: n like in fun

ใ„ท (Digeut ๋””๊ทฟ):

  • Start of a word: t like in tango
  • Start of a syllable: d like in mind
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ„น (Rieul ๋ฆฌ์„ ):

  • Start of a word: r like in rum
  • Start of a syllable: r like in rum
  • End of a word: l like in heel

ใ… (Mieum ๋ฏธ์Œ):

  • Start of a word: m like in mate
  • Start of a syllable: m like in mate
  • End of a word: m like in drum

ใ…‚(Bieup ๋น„์):

  • Start of a word: p like in pet
  • Start of a syllable: b like in back
  • End of a word: p like in tap

ใ…… (Siot ์‹œ์˜ท):

  • Start of a word: s like in short
  • Start of a syllable: s like in short
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ…‡ (Ieung ์ด์‘):

  • Start of a word: no sound
  • Start of a syllable:no sound
  • End of a word: ng like in thing

ใ…ˆ (Jieut ์ง€์’):

  • Start of a word: ch like in chat
  • Start of a syllable: j like in jam
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ…Š (Chieut ์น˜์“):

  • Start of a word: ch like in glitch
  • Start of a syllable: ch like in glitch
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ…‹ (Kieuk ํ‚ค์”):

  • Start of a word: kh like in khaki
  • Start of a syllable: kh like in khaki
  • End of a word: kh like in khaki

ใ…Œ (Tieut ํ‹ฐ์•):

  • Start of a word: t like in tap
  • Start of a syllable: t like in tap
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ… (Pieup ํ”ผ์–):

  • Start of word: p like in pet
  • Start of a syllable: p like in pet
  • End of a word: p like in nap

ใ…Ž (Hieut ํžˆ์•):

  • Start of word: h like in hot
  • Start of a syllable: h like in hot
  • End of a word: no sound

Korean Double Consonants

ใ„ฒ (Ssang Giyok ์Œ๊ธฐ์—ญ):

  • Start of word: g like in gone
  • Start of a syllable: g like in gone
  • End of a word: g like in gone

ใ„ธ (Ssang Digeut ์Œ๋””๊ทฟ):

  • Start of word: d like in dog
  • Start of a syllable: d like in dog
  • End of a word: d like in dog

ใ…ƒ (Ssang Bieup ์Œ๋น„์):

  • Start of word: b like in bat
  • Start of a syllable: b like in bat
  • End of a word: b like in tab

ใ…† (Ssang Siot ์Œ์‹œ์˜ท):

  • Start of word: s like in some
  • Start of a syllable: s like in some
  • End of a word: t like in not

ใ…‰ (Ssang Jieut ์Œ์ง€์’):

  • Start of word: j like in jazz
  • Start of a syllable: j like in jazz
  • End of a word: t like in not

How to Learn Korean Hangul in Less Than 20 minutes | OptiLingo (3)

Korean Vowels

Vowels in the Korean alphabet donโ€™t have names like the consonants. Every vowel has a simple sound associated with it. As the list of vowels progresses, youโ€™ll notice that adding a โ€“ adds a โ€œyโ€ sound, and adding a ใ…— or a ใ…œ adds a w sound to the vowel.

์•„ โ€“ a

  • like in hah

์–ด โ€“ eo

  • like in run

์˜ค โ€“ o

  • like in dough

์šฐ โ€“ u

  • like in moon

์œผ โ€“ eu

  • like in good

์ด โ€“ i

  • like in meet

ใ… โ€“ ae

  • like in at

ใ…” โ€“ e

  • like in get

์•ผ โ€“ ya

  • like in yawn

์—ฌ โ€“ yeo

  • like in yum

์š” โ€“ yo

  • like in yoke

์œ  โ€“ yu

  • like in view

ใ…– โ€“ yae

  • like in yak

ใ…– โ€“ ye

  • like in yes

ใ…โ€“ wa

  • like in wand

ใ…™ โ€“ wae

  • like in wax

ใ… โ€“ wo

  • like in wonder

ใ…ž โ€“ we

  • like in wet

ใ…š โ€“oe

  • like in wait

ใ…Ÿ โ€“ wi

  • like in week

ใ…ข โ€“ ui

  • like in quey

Learn How to Write in Hangul (The Korean Writing System)

How to Learn Korean Hangul in Less Than 20 minutes | OptiLingo (4)

In English, we form words with letters from left to right. In Korean, different Hangul letters are stacked onto each other like blocks to create syllables.

(Video) Learn Hangul ํ•œ๊ธ€ (Korean Alphabet) in 30 minutes

For example, the word โ€˜Hangulโ€™ is made up of the following letters:

But itโ€™s not written in a straight line like above. Instead, itโ€™s a two-syllable block:

Combining Hangul Letters

In Hangul, characters are stacked in squares, forming syllables. There are usually 2 or 3, but sometimes youโ€™ll even use 4 characters to create a syllable. How do you do it? Well, a syllable will always start with a consonant, then a vowel will follow. And you place the vowel either below or on the right side of the consonant.

Korean characters are read from left to right and top to bottom. Some characters are on a vertical stack, and some have two letters next to each other and one below them. But the placing is not random. Korean letters are always positioned in a way that reads well.

For example, you will never see a Korean Hangul syllable with two letters in a row. If characters are misplaced, it wonโ€™t read right. Itโ€™ll look like jibberish.

As you progress with your Korean language learning, youโ€™ll gain a sense of how the letters should be placed within the characters. The more you read and write, the easier it is to learn Hangul.

Consonant + Vowel

Combining Hangul letters is not as complicated as it seems. The most simple combination is one consonant and one vowel. Here are some examples:

Ka

The consonant here is โ€œkโ€ and the vowel is โ€œaโ€ which gives this syllable a โ€œkaโ€ sound.

Sa

The consonant here is โ€œsโ€ and the vowel is โ€œaโ€ which gives this syllable a โ€œsaโ€ sound.

Mo

The consonant here is โ€œmโ€ and the vowel is โ€œoโ€ which gives this syllable a โ€œmoโ€ sound.

Ri

The consonant here is โ€œrโ€ and the vowel is โ€œiโ€ which gives this syllable a โ€œriโ€ sound.

Consonant + Vowel + Consonant

Syllables made out of three Hangul letters follow the same logic. Here are some examples:

(Video) Learn Hangul in 90 Minutes - Start to Finish [Complete Series]

Tal

The first consonant here is โ€œtโ€ followed by the vowel โ€œaโ€ and ending with the consonant โ€œlโ€ for a โ€œtalโ€ sound.

Neun

The first consonant here is โ€œnโ€ followed by the vowel โ€œeuโ€ and ending with the consonant โ€œnโ€ for a โ€œneunโ€ sound.

Ram

The first consonant here is โ€œrโ€ followed by the vowel โ€œaโ€ and ending with the consonant โ€œmโ€ for a โ€œramโ€ sound.

Mot

The first consonant here is โ€œmโ€ followed by the vowel โ€œoโ€ and ending with the consonant โ€œtโ€ for a โ€œmotโ€ sound.

When youโ€™re writing syllables with 3 characters, you have to pay attention to the sounds. Some consonants make different sounds depending on where they are in the word or syllable.

Hangul Syllables Starting with Vowels

Korean syllables can also start with vowels. But there are some syllables that are simply vowels, and some that vowels and consonants together. Howeverโ€ฆthings arenโ€™t that simple when youโ€™re creating characters.

A Korean character canโ€™t start with a vowel.

Instead, you have to put a character called ieung (ใ…‡) in the front. This is a silent character, meaning you donโ€™t pronounce it when youโ€™re reading Korean. Here are some examples of syllables starting with a vowel:

a

This is simply the silent ieung character plus the vowel โ€œaโ€ and the sound of this syllable is โ€œaโ€

yo

This is simply the silent ieung character plus the vowel โ€œyoโ€ and the sound of this syllable is โ€œyoโ€

eum

This has the silent ieung character, then the vowel โ€œeuโ€ and it ends with the consonant โ€œmโ€. The sound of this syllable is โ€œeumโ€

yeok

This has the silent ieung character, then the vowel yeo and it ends with the consonant โ€œkโ€. The sound of this syllable is โ€œyeokโ€

Hangul Syllables with 4 Letters

There are cases in Korean where there are 4 letters in a character. Although these are less common than the 2 or 3 letter blocks, they do exist.

Learn Hangul Quickly

This video can help you visualize the Korean alphabet and learn Hangul quickly.

Korean Alphabet, Kim In Tae, offert par lโ€™Office national du film du Canada

Learning Hangul should be a fun exercise. Feel free to use visual aids and cartoons to help with your studies. Learning strategies like chunking and spaced repetition systems are always effective when it comes to learning the Korean alphabet.

(Video) LEARN KOREAN WITH ME | Learning Hangul in 20 Minutes ํ•œ๊ธ€ Korean Alphabet

Try committing the consonants to memory first, and then the vowels. Grouping the letters into smaller, more manageable chunks can help with learning. Reviewing your lesson periodically is also very useful.

When it comes to Korean pronunciation, itโ€™s not always straightforward. This video can help navigate you through the sounds of the Hangul alphabet.

Why You Should Avoid Korean Romanization

As you progress with your Korean language studies, youโ€™ll undoubtedly encounter the Romanization of Korean. This means that Korean words are written using Latin letters. Itโ€™s imperative that you learn Hangul first, and then turn your attention to Romanized Korean.

Hangul is not only more culturally relevant, but it is also more accurate for learning the Korean pronunciation of letters. And keep in mind that reading Romanized Korean after learning Hangul will be easy. Whereas trying to understand Hangul after getting used to Romanized Korean makes the whole process of learning the Korean writing systems very difficult. Thatโ€™s why you should make sure you master Hangul first.

Here are a few more reasons why you should learn Hangul over Romanized Korean:

  • Romanization doesnโ€™t help you read Korean texts.
  • Your pronunciation will be better with Korean Hangul (e.g. ์–ธ๋‹ˆ or โ€œolder sisterโ€ is commonly written as โ€˜unniโ€™ but it should be โ€˜eonniโ€™. โ€˜Unniโ€™ can be the romanization of ์šด๋‹ˆ.)
  • Identifying words and phrase patterns will be easier to learn with Hangul.
  • Most Korean people find Romanization hard to understand.

There are also key differences between the two writing systems that can confuse you or delay your ability to adapt to the Korean writing system. While Latin letters follow each other left to right, Hangul stacks its characters. There are also no upper or lowercase letters in Hangul.

Learning Hangul Is Your First Step

Learning Hangul is the first step towards Korean fluency. And learning Korean is a wonderful journey and experience. If you want a fun and effective learning method, look no further. To make the most of your language classes, use OptiLingo.

(Video) Learn Korean in 20 Minutes - ALL the Basics You Need

This language learning app uses high-frequency phrases to teach you Korean. This means that youโ€™ll know exactly how the locals speak. With OptiLingoโ€™s lesson structure, youโ€™ll also commit your study materials to memory effortlessly. No more boring drills and rote memorization. Learn Korean and Hangul the fun way with OptiLingo!

FAQs

How can I learn Korean in 20 minutes? โ€บ

์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š” m ์ด์—์š” ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์›Œ์š” ํ•˜์ด ์•„๋ฉ”๋‹ˆ ๋‚˜์ด์Šค ๋ฏธ์œ  ndsl 3๋ถ„ ํ•ญ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ 5์ผ ๊ฑฐ์ธ ์ •๋ง ๋ฒ ์ด์ง€ qnx ํŽœ์…˜ ์—์Šคํ”ผ leg ์• ๋‹ˆ ํ… ์ฝ ์ž…๋„ 2 ๋ฉ˜ ์•ณ ํŽ„์„œ. ๋ชจ์œ  ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์ด์„

How can I learn Hangul fast? โ€บ

15 MUST-TRY Tips to Learn Korean Faster!
  1. How Can I Learn Korean Fast? ...
  2. Create a Korean Language Learning Schedule. ...
  3. Choose the Right Language Learning Method. ...
  4. Learn Korean Hangul. ...
  5. Focus on High-Frequency Korean Words. ...
  6. Use Konglish to Reach Fluency FASTER! ...
  7. Change How You Use Flashcards. ...
  8. Buy a Good Korean Textbook.

How long does it take to learn Korean 1 hour a day? โ€บ

With 20 minutes of daily study, it would take 20 years to reach Korean fluency. If you raise your study time to just 1 hour every day, you'll learn Korean in roughly 6.5 years.

Videos

1. Learn ALL Hangul in 20 minutes ๐Ÿ”ด | Learn Korean LIVE @1pm KST on Thu.
(Learn Korean with KoreanClass101.com)
2. Learn Korean Alphabet in 20 Minutes (Hangeul)
(Hyunser Park)
3. Learn To Read Hangul in less than 30 minutes || READ HANGUL IN A DAYโœ”๏ธโœ”๏ธ
(The 9ja Korean)
4. Learn to Read Korean in 5 Minutes (seriously)
(Sam Gellman)
5. Korean Alphabet - Learn to Read and Write Korean #1 - Hangul Basic Vowels: ใ…‡,ใ…,ใ…ฃ
(Learn Korean with KoreanClass101.com)
6. Learn Hangul in 35 minutes - How to Write and Read Korean
(Learn Korean with KoreanClass101.com)

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