IELTS essay topic | IELTS essay topics list | Mindmine Global (2023)

IELTS essay topics

The essay for Task 2 IELTS requires you to write at least250 wordsand has to be completed in40 minutes.It is important to understand more about the IELTS essay topic to clear in the first attempt. It is important to be quick while writing but most importantly it is essential to maintain calm. This will help the aspirant to write a quality essay. The aspirants have to prepare general essay topics before appearing for the test so that they are aware of the writing style and pattern. This will consume less time and they will be able to finish the task in the stipulated time.

There are several students who aim to score well in the first attempt itself. Hence it is important that these aspirants become aware of the IELTS Writing Test 2 so that they can have an impressive band score and get admission to the university of their choice or pursue the course of their choice or apply for immigration.

What are the common topics for essays in IELTS Writing Task 2?

The IELTS essay topic is generic and related to society. The topics are generally related to education, health, the role of youth in society, age, gender, environment, etc. This means that purely general topics have found a place in IELTS Writing Task 2 test.

The aspirants can learn the basic structure to write the essay so that they are familiar with the pattern and can write an impressive essay easily. Prior preparation is very helpful.

What are the steps which can be followed while giving IELTS Writing Task 2?

Step 1: Introduction

Look at the question properly and repeat the same in the opening sentence of the essay but in different words. The introduction part of the essay should be correct and impressive because of the first few lines from the opinion in the mind of theIELTS examiner. Hence the aspirants should be able to give the best start to the essay. An example will prove the point in a better way.

Some people think and believe that capital punishment should not be used while some think otherwise. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

In the above-mentioned topic, the writer should make use of the same question but using synonyms to make it sound different but the meaning should remain intact. For example, the death penalty is not the best way to deal with crime in the modern era. However, the other side of the coin is also true that rarest of rare crimes should meet with the death penalty.

In this way, the aspirant should start the introduction part of the essay.

Present your opinion about the subject in question. The examiner will come to know about your perception too. The fact is that the examiner is not interested to know what your opinion is. He or she is only interested to judge the level of English in the essay. So it is not required to think out of the box. But correct English is definitely required.

Step 2: Support your opinion

After giving the opinion, it is important to support your opinion by using phrases like I personally feel, From mypoint of view, in my opinion, I am convinced that, etc. These phrases can be used to support the opinion and the guidelines also state the same.

Step 3: Give the other side of the argument

The next paragraph should focus on the argument from another’s point of view if that is required as per the question. This will prove to the examiner that you have a balanced way of writing the essay which means that you weigh both sides with equality. The style of writing should be correct and grammar also needs to be correct. After all, it is an English test. Sentences like in contrast I hold the opinion, there is another side of the discussion, and etc. can be written.

Step 4: Conclusion

For finishing the IELTS essay topic, a conclusion is very important. The entire argument has to be summarized as a conclusion. Try to use impressive synonyms and finish the essay with an impressive conclusion. Weigh the argument so that an optimum conclusion is achieved. Students are given the best direction to write the conclusion because just like the introduction, the conclusion should summarize the points concisely and clearly.

IELTS Writing Task 2 information:

It is better to be aware of a few pointers before appearing for the IELTS Writing Task 2.

  • The aspirant should not spend more than 40 minutes to write the test.
  • The length has to be at least 250 words.
  • The total weight of the IELTS Writing Task 2 is 66%of the total Writing marks.
  • The aspirant will be marked on:
  1. Coherence and Cohesion (25%)
  2. Task Response (25%)
  3. Grammar (25%)
  4. Vocabulary (25%)
  • Academic Writing Task 2 is about writing a formal essay. The essay has to focus on opinion,advantages, and disadvantages,agree to disagree withdirect questions and solutions. These are the parameters upon which the essay requires elaboration and hence is judged by the examiner. It is important that the aspirants should havesample essays forpreparation. This will brush their skills and make them confident enough to write the essay.
  • All words are counted; even repeated and small words. The word count should not be less than 250.

How many paragraphs for IELTS Writing Task 2?

The IELTS essay topic must have 3-6 paragraphs as per the requirement of the task. The introduction, opinion, and conclusion are the main parameters upon which the essay is judged. Not to forget the English part for which the aspirant is accessed. Introduction and conclusion are a must and the aspirant should follow it with complete care. Hence prior preparation of essay writing will prove to be very helpful for the aspirants. They will be able to score a higher band.

How many body paragraphs should IELTS Writing Task 2 have?

Having 2-3 body paragraphs in the IELTS essay topic is enough to express your views. With the help of 2-3 paragraphs, the aspirant can expect to get a high score. After reading the essay topic, the aspirant can plan and decide the number of paragraphs to be written in the essay. The type of question and ideas also play a decisive role in this context.

What are the common essay topics?

The IELTS essay topic keeps changing but the subject of the topics remains the same. It is recommended that the aspirant should practice writing an essay on the entire possible essay topic so that they are not found confused in the test center.

Some of the common topics and their sub-topics are elaborated below:

  • Art

Art in school

Censorship of art and artists


Benefits of art for society and individuals


  • Communication and Personality

Family and communication’

Technology and communication

Types of communication

Face to face and long-distance communication

Innate or developed personalities

Male and female characters

(Video) IELTS Writing: The 3 Essay Types

  • Business and Money

Family run business

Small Vs big business

International business

Management and leadership

Skills and knowledge for business

Materialism and consumerism

  • Education

Relevant subjects

Children and education

Education amongst under-privileged

Role of teachers

Technology and education

  • Crime and Punishment

Capital punishment Vs other types of punishment

Prison or rehabilitation

Major Vs minor crime

What makes a criminal

Teenagers and crime

Role of police and law

Men and women in law enforcement

  • Economics

Saving Vs Spending

Cash Vs credit cards

Economy and globalization

Economic progress

World issues regarding economics

  • Family and Children

Family size

Role of family

Generation gap

Family and education

Role models

(Video) How to Plan an IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay


  • Environment


Protection of endangered species

Global warming

Environmental issues


Solutions to preserve the environment

  • Food

Education of diet

Health foods and diet

Traditional Vs modern diet

Children and diet

Fast food and side effects

  • Health

Health and education


Prevention Vs cure

Health aid

Poor countries Vs rich countries

Hospitals and treatment

Dealing with epidemics


Exercise and health

  • Media and Advertising

Types of advertising

Social media

Media and technology

Children and advertising

News and reporting

Censorship, control, and freedom of speech

  • Language

Travel and language

(Video) The Worst IELTS Essays- The Shopping List

Language and culture

  • Reading

Books and reading

Children and reading

Paper books Vs e-books


  • Technology





Children and technology

Letters Vs e-mail

  • Other common essay topics

Water and oceans

Space exploration

Change and moving Vs constancy and stability

  • Travel

Living in a global world

Travel and tourism

Culture and travel

Travel and technology

  • Transport

Different types of transport

Development of infrastructure

Environmental issues

Problems with modern types of transport

  • Society



Crime on the streets

Homeless people

Public services

Government budget

(Video) Important Essays for upcoming IELTS Exams | IELTS Made Easy

Modern life styles

Discrimination in society

  • Sports

Sport equipment

Players and their future

Professionals Vs amateurs

Sport as a school subject

Men Vs women in sports

Types of sports

  • Work

Types of work

Working women

Employment issues

Trade unions

Shift work


Gender inequality in work place

How to write IELTS essay band score eight essays?

Don’t just practice essay writing for the IELTS writing test. In fact, prepare and practice essay writing to score a high band. The IELTS essay is scored using the following 4 criteria:

Task response

Coherence and Cohesion

Grammatical range and accuracy

Lexical resource

What does the IELTS examiner want?

The examiner basically looks for correct English. They are not essentially looking for the knowledge an aspirant may or may not have about the topic. The essay should have clarity and correct grammar which are the most important points that the examiner wants.

  • Plan an essay. Spend some time for this so that the essay turns out to be a good one.
  • Analyze the question and present the essay in the right format which includes an introduction, opinion, and conclusion.
  • Use examples in the body paragraph to make it interesting.
  • Correct use of synonyms. Incorrect use of the same can lead to minus points.

It is always better to be prepared for the IELTSWriting test.SeveralIELTS teachersare there who are ready to offer the best preparation to the students. They have the expertise in the subject and are ready to offer the best guidance to the aspirants.

IELTS essay topic | IELTS essay topics list | Mindmine Global (1)

Team MindMine

Harpal Singh completed his graduation from Delhi College of Arts and Commerce (DCAC), Delhi University and thereafter did his Post Graduation studies from Birla Institute of Management Technology (BIMTECH) and International Management Institute (IMI), Delhi. He has worked in the financial sectors with organisations like HDFC and Kotak in sales and training profile and joined the education sector with the biggest education company – Educomp Solutions Ltd. in 2011. He got an opportunity to introduce Digital Learning in thousands of classrooms of the schools and also interacted with a large number of students and teachers. This motivated him to start his own venture in 2014 to train and counsel the young learners with the help of the latest technology and teaching methodologies.
He is one of the most sought after IELTS trainers in the world right now and has trained students from India, UK, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Hong Kong, Nepal, Uganda and Middle East countries. Harpal Singh is a certified trainer from – British Council, IDP, Pearson – PTE, TOEFL and Cambridge.
He has keen interest in counselling students for Study Abroad opportunities and professionals for PR in various countries. All his students are either studying in various prestigious institutes abroad or pursuing their dream careers in countries like Canada or Australia as permanent residents.

(Video) Ielts Writing Task 2 Important Topics | Ielts Essay Topics For Upcoming Exam | Important Task 2 |


What are 3 good topics for an essay? ›

Some great ideas for your essay topic are:
  • Your favorite childhood memory.
  • Most recent travel experience.
  • The death of a friend or relative that influenced you.
  • The loss of a pet that changed your life.
  • Your best friend and how you met.
  • Your first time on a plane.
  • The first book you read.
  • The worst memory you have.
6 Jun 2022

What is globalization essay IELTS? ›

It simply means that the world has become integrated economically, socially, politically and culturally through the advances of technology, transportation and communication. It is undeniable that globalization has resulted in both positive and negative effects which must be addressed accordingly.

What are general topics for essay? ›

Argumentative Essay Topics
  • Should plastic be banned?
  • Pollution due to Urbanization.
  • Education should be free.
  • Should Students get limited access to the Internet?
  • Selling Tobacco should be banned.
  • Smoking in public places should be banned.
  • Facebook should be banned.
  • Students should not be allowed to play PUBG.

How do you get 7 bands in general writing? ›

IELTS Writing Task 2: 7 steps towards a band 7
  1. Step 1: Answer all parts of the question.
  2. Step 2: Present a clear position.
  3. Step 3: Structure your essay.
  4. Step 4: Use linking devices.
  5. Step 5: Use a range of vocabulary.
  6. Step 6: Use a range of grammatical structures correctly.
  7. Step 7: Check your essay thoroughly.
16 Feb 2022

What is global essay? ›

A global statement is the group of sentences in the opening paragraph of an essay that act as an attention-grabber and a statement of purpose for your writing.

What is globalisation explain in 5 points? ›

Globalisation refers to the integration of global economics, industries, markets, culture and policies making around the world free from socio-political control and reduces distances between regions/countries through a global network of trade, communication, immigration, and transportation.

What are the 5 definition of globalization? ›

In geography, globalization is defined as the set of processes (economic, social, cultural, technological, institutional) that contribute to the relationship between societies and individuals around the world.

What are the 10 types of essay? ›

10 types of essays
  • Narrative essays. Narrative essays tell a story and often are the most personal type of essay you may write. ...
  • Descriptive essays. ...
  • Expository essays. ...
  • Definition essays. ...
  • Process essays. ...
  • Compare and contrast essays. ...
  • Argumentative essays. ...
  • Persuasive essays.
13 Jan 2021

What are the 8 types of essay? ›

8 Types of Essays You May Write While in School
  • Expository Essay. The most basic form of essay is an expository essay, also known as a definition essay. ...
  • Analytical Essay. ...
  • Narrative Essay. ...
  • Descriptive Essay. ...
  • Compare and Contrast Essay. ...
  • Cause and Effect Essay. ...
  • Critical Analysis Essay. ...
  • Conclusion.

What are the 4 main types of essays? ›

An essay is a focused piece of writing designed to inform or persuade. There are many different types of essay, but they are often defined in four categories: argumentative, expository, narrative, and descriptive essays.

Can I retake IELTS writing only? ›

Can I retake only IELTS writing or reading when I re-apply for the test? A: No, you cannot retake just one module. Regardless of the number of attempts that you make, each time you must answer all the 4 modules of any standard IELTS exam [there are 2 writing tasks in IELTS general].

Is IELTS 7 Hard? ›

Getting an IELTS band 7 in writing is very difficult for many students, and most do not know what the examiner is looking for. So the aim of this lesson is to look more generally at what is required to get a band 7 in the writing test.

What should I wear to IELTS exam? ›

What should I wear for the IELTS Speaking test?
  • A formal suit is optional. You don't need to wear a full suit and tie to your IELTS Speaking test unless you feel comfortable and confident when you wear it. ...
  • Just comfortable shoes. ...
  • Not too much perfume. ...
  • Can I wear jeans in the IELTS Speaking test? ...
  • Take a jacket or sweater.

What is the 10 academic writing? ›

There are ten main features of academic writing that are often discussed. Academic writing is to some extent: complex, formal, objective, explicit, hedged, and responsible. It uses language precisely and accurately. It is also well organised and planned.

What are the 20 types of essay? ›

In this article, you will learn about various types of essays and how to write each of them.
  • 1) Narrative essay :
  • 2) Descriptive :
  • 3) Expository :
  • 4) Persuasive :
  • 5) Argumentative :
  • 6) Analytical :
  • 7) Comparison and contrast :
  • 8) Cause and effect :
6 Nov 2019

What are the 7 elements of an essay? ›

7 Essential Elements Of A Perfect Essay
  • # 1 – Do your Research. ...
  • # 2 – Outline Your Essay. ...
  • # 3 – The Introduction. ...
  • # 4 – The Body. ...
  • # 5 – The Conclusion. ...
  • # 6 – Proofreading & Editing. ...
  • # 7 – Read It One More Time! ...
  • Write The Perfect Essay Every Time!

Which type of essay is easiest? ›

1 Expository essays

Expository essays are the simplest, and they are often assigned to first-year students who are only learning how to write compelling texts.

What are global topics? ›

A global issue is a matter of public concern worldwide. This list of global issues presents problems or phenomena affecting people around the world, including but not limited to widespread social issues, economic issues, and environmental issues.

What are global words? ›

Global Words is a website containing fifteen units of work that integrate the teaching and learning of English and global citizenship education. The units were produced by World Vision Australia and the Primary English Teaching Association of Australia (PETAA), and supported by DFAT.

What are the 5 main causes of global warming essay? ›

Here are 10 causes of global warming that are contributing to the climate crisis.
  1. Oil and Gas. Oil and Gas is used all the time in almost every industry.
  2. Deforestation. ...
  3. Waste. ...
  4. Power Plants. ...
  5. Oil Drilling. ...
  6. Transport and Vehicles. ...
  7. Consumerism. ...
  8. Farming. ...
8 Oct 2021

What are the 3 types of globalization? ›

Economic globalization also affects cultural globalization through the import of goods and services that expose people to other cultures.
There are three types of globalization.
  • Economic globalization. ...
  • Political globalization. ...
  • Cultural globalization.

What is importance of globalisation? ›

Consumers have better products and more choices as a result. Expanded trade spurs the spread of technology, innovation, and the communication of ideas. The best ideas from market leaders spread more easily. Globalization supports new job opportunities but also contributes to job displacement.

What is impact of globalisation? ›

In general, globalization decreases the cost of manufacturing. This means that companies can offer goods at a lower price to consumers. The average cost of goods is a key aspect that contributes to increases in the standard of living. Consumers also have access to a wider variety of goods.

What are the 7 major types of globalization? ›

The 7 major types of globalisation are:
  • Social globalisation.
  • Economic globalisation.
  • Technological globalisation.
  • Financial globalisation.
  • Political globalisation.
  • Cultural globalisation.
  • Ecological globalisation.

What are the 10 types of globalization? ›

The following list is a list of the significant types of globalization:
  • Economic globalization.
  • Social globalization.
  • Cultural globalization.
  • Political globalization.
  • Environmental globalization.
  • Technological globalization.
  • Financial globalization.
  • Geographical globalization.

What are the 4 causes of globalization? ›

Main reasons that have caused globalisation
  • Improved transport, making global travel easier. ...
  • Containerisation. ...
  • Improved technology which makes it easier to communicate and share information around the world. ...
  • Growth of multinational companies with a global presence in many different economies.
6 Apr 2021

What is a 5 paragraph essay called? ›

The five-paragraph essay format is a guide that helps writers structure an essay. It consists of one introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs for support, and one concluding paragraph. Because of this structure, it has been nicknamed the “hamburger essay,” the “one-three-one essay,” and the “three-tier essay.”

What are the 5 important parts of essay? ›

An outline is often used to demonstrate the content of most five-paragraph essays:
  • Introduction.
  • Body. First Point. Second Point. Third Point.
  • Conclusion.

What are the most popular essays? ›

Best Essays of All Time – Ranked
  • On 11 lists. James Baldwin – Notes of a Native Son (1955)
  • On 6 lists. George Orwell – Shooting an Elephant (1936) E.B. White – Once More to the Lake (1941) Joan Didion – Goodbye To All That (1968)
  • On 5 lists. Joan Didion – On Keeping A Notebook (1968) Annie Dillard – Total Eclipse (1982)

How can I write a good essay? ›

Six top tips for writing a great essay
  1. Analyse the question.
  2. Define your argument.
  3. Use evidence, reasoning and scholarship.
  4. Organise a coherent essay.
  5. Write clearly.
  6. Cite sources and evidence.

What is a essay example? ›

An examples essay supports, develops, and defends its thesis in a series of paragraphs, each of which typically illustrates one way in which the thesis statement can be supported.

What are the 3 main parts of the essay? ›

The main parts (or sections) to an essay are the intro, body, and conclusion. In a standard short essay, five paragraphs can provide the reader with enough information in a short amount of space.

What are the 2 general types of essay? ›

4 Major Types of Essay with Examples
  • Narrative Essay: The writer of a narrative essay presents a story about a real-life experience. ...
  • Descriptive Essay: A descriptive essay, like that of a narrative essay, uses words to create a picture. ...
  • Argumentative Essay: ...
  • Expository Essay:
4 Jun 2021

How do I start writing an essay? ›

Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline. Writing: Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion. Revision: Check the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay.

Can I combine 2 IELTS score? ›

Combining IELTS test scores

You can achieve the required mark across two test sittings if: you sit the tests within six months of each other. you're tested in all four sections at the same time. all scores in both sittings are not below 6.5, and.

In which month IELTS exam is easy? ›

Which month of the IELTS exam is easy? Ans. The questions for the exam tend to change every few months. So, there is no definitive answer to which month would be the easiest.

Who can skip IELTS exam? ›

2. When can you study in the UK without IELTS?
  • If English was the primary medium of instruction in your school. ...
  • If your university considers your X and XII English marks to assess your language skills. ...
  • If your university conducts its own interviews to assess your language skills.

Can I get 9 in IELTS? ›

Yes, getting an IELTS band score of 9 in the actual exam is very much possible. This is possible if you have met the expectations of the IELTS examiner and showcased the qualities of a competent user of the English language.

Who scored 9 bands in IELTS? ›

Learn how Gokul, an IELTS student, got overall band score 9 in IELTS this year. He shares his useful tips and experience with you in order to help and inspire you to achieve your best in your IELTS test.

Is IELTS easy to pass? ›

Many people find this test section one of the hardest if they haven't prepared ahead of time using test prep tools, or by listening to English music or by watching English television shows. This section of the exam requires you to complete two writing tasks.

Is bag allowed in IELTS exam? ›

You are strongly advised not to bring any valuable items with you to the test. You cannot bring mobile phones, all electronic devices, keys, wallet, food, bags, watch/smartwatch/fit-bit, and all other belongings on your test day.

What should I avoid in IELTS? ›

Parroting the question and poor pronunciation

This is because you'll be graded on your ability to paraphrase the question structure or words and vary speech. On top of that, poor pronunciation is another mistake to avoid, especially since pronunciation makes up 25% of your IELTS Speaking score.

Does handwriting matter in IELTS? ›

In a nutshell -Handwriting holds an essential place in IELTS or any other exams. Experts analyse handwriting to know a person's personality- Handwriting is said to be a reflection of the character. IELTS is also an excellent example of this.

What is 3 main of the essay? ›

The main parts (or sections) to an essay are the intro, body, and conclusion.

What are the best topics? ›

Conversation Topics For Anyone
  • “What is your favorite thing about your personality?”
  • “What do you love most about your home?”
  • “What's one habit you want to get rid of and one habit you want to keep?”
  • “What was the first big purchase you made as an adult?”
  • “What does a perfect day with the family look like?”
3 Dec 2022

What is a 3 point essay? ›

A 3-point thesis statement is a coherent statement that integrates the three essential components of a standard thesis statement, which include a topic, an assertion, and reasons justifying the claim.

What is an essay format? ›

A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. This basic essay format will help you to write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.

What are the 5 common topics? ›

The five common topics are: definition, comparison, circumstance, relationship, and authority. We start with definition. If two people can't agree on the definition of whatever they want to discuss, there's no point in moving forward with the conversation.

What are 10 things to write about? ›

Fictional things to write about
  • 1 Get inspired by a song.
  • 2 Reinvent a childhood memory.
  • 3 Write about a person you see every day but don't really know.
  • 4 If your pet were a person . . .
  • 5 Write about what you wanted to be when you grew up.
  • 6 Grab a writing prompt to-go.
  • 7 Use Google to find related topics.
16 May 2019

How do I find unique topics? ›

Let's get started.
  1. Identify the topics that resonates with your audience.
  2. Find the top content trends in your chosen topic area.
  3. Understand the questions people have about these opportunities.
  4. Identify where you can uniquely add value to the conversation.
  5. Now write!
27 Sept 2018

How do you end an essay? ›

How to Write a Conclusion in 3 Easy Steps
  1. Step 1: Restate Your Thesis Claim and Evidence. The conclusion's primary role is to convince the reader that your argument is valid. ...
  2. Step 2: Provide New and Interesting Insight. ...
  3. Step 3: Form a Personal Connection With the Reader.
7 Apr 2021

What is a good word to start an essay? ›

In view of; in light of; considering

These essay phrases are useful to begin your essay. They help you pose your argument based on what other authors have said or a general concern about your research. They can also both be used when a piece of evidence sheds new light on an argument.

Why is a 5 paragraph essay good? ›

Beyond functioning as stand-alone pieces, five-paragraph essays also serve as building blocks for longer works. Three body paragraphs are enough to get students thinking about how one idea relates to the next, as well as to signal those relationships with appropriate transition words and phrases.

How does an essay start? ›

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order: An opening hook to catch the reader's attention. Relevant background information that the reader needs to know. A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.

What are topic sentences? ›

A topic sentence is the most important sentence in a paragraph. Sometimes referred to as a focus sentence, the topic sentence helps organize the paragraph by summarizing the information in the paragraph.


1. Importance of art - IELTS writing task 2 - Essay ideas
(IELTS Daily)
2. IELTS Vocabulary and Ideas: Environment | Writing & Speaking
(Fastrack IELTS)
3. Most Important IELTS Essay IELTS Writing Tas 2 Children and Family
(Yashal English House)
4. How to Plan the IELTS Task 2 Essay
(Write to the Top)
5. 15 Words for IELTS Essays | IELTS Writing
(English Pro Tips - IELTS Preparation)
6. IELTS Writing Task 2: Do ideas need to be interesting?
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Edmund Hettinger DC

Last Updated: 01/18/2023

Views: 6393

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (78 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Edmund Hettinger DC

Birthday: 1994-08-17

Address: 2033 Gerhold Pine, Port Jocelyn, VA 12101-5654

Phone: +8524399971620

Job: Central Manufacturing Supervisor

Hobby: Jogging, Metalworking, Tai chi, Shopping, Puzzles, Rock climbing, Crocheting

Introduction: My name is Edmund Hettinger DC, I am a adventurous, colorful, gifted, determined, precious, open, colorful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.